Nebulizer Types and Tips for Making the Right Choice

A nebulizer is an electronic medical instrument that helps people inhale the medication (in liquid form) to reach the lungs directly.

Generally, a patient who is unable to breathe freely due to asthma or other lung ailments is given medication through nebulizer treatment to help them recover from the deadly symptoms.

nebuliser typesThe use of nebulizers and nebulization therapy is increasing fast, with an increase in the number of people suffering from respiratory issues.

And for this reason, more and more people prefer buying nebulization machines for their home use so that they can easily make use of them in times of emergency asthma attacks.

However, when it comes to choosing a suitable nebulizer, it becomes very tough as there are various types and models available in the market to buy.

Knowing about the different types of nebulizer machines and nebulization therapy can help choose the best device.

Types of Nebulizers

Although all the different types of nebulizers functions in a similar way, there is a huge range present in the market, each of them having some unique features.

Based on the size, compactness, and portable nature, there are two basic types of nebulizers available in the market to choose from. These are:

1- Stationery Nebulizers

A stationary nebulizer or a tabletop nebulizer is sturdy and can rest easily on top of the table while operating.

Stationery nebulizers are mostly preferred for indoor use (at home or medical centers) and are seldom used outdoors.

These are the most durable and come with a more extended warranty period. They are cheaper than mobile nebulizers and serve as a good aid for children or elderly patients suffering from asthma symptoms.

2- Mobile Nebulizers

A mobile nebulizer (also called a portable nebulizer or handheld nebulizer) provides the most mobility as these can be hand-held and carried efficiently with patients wherever they go.

These work on alternative power sources like batteries or auto adapters, which enable them to use in areas where there is no or limited access to AC power.

Since these are portable, these nebulizers are lighter than the stationery ones and are also smaller in size.

Different Types of Nebulizer Machines

With changing technology, types of nebulizer medications, and treatment methods – nebulizer machines have changed drastically in recent years.

Based on the technologies and methods by which medicine is administered in the lungs, nebulizers can further be classified into three types. These are:

1- Ultrasonic Nebulizers

Ultrasonic nebulizers use high-frequency ultrasonic waves and vibrations to aerosolize the liquid medication into a fine mist.

The fine mist of medicated air can then be inhaled through an attached mask or mouthpiece to feel relaxed.

As ultrasonic nebulizers do not use a compressor, it functions quietly. Being portable, compact, and battery-operated, they work faster than other nebulizers.

Ultrasonic nebulizers are considered the best nebulizer machine for home use (for children and adults).

2- Jet Nebulizers

A jet nebulizer machine changes the prescribed liquid medicine into a fine mist with the help of the piston-powered compressor.

These are less expensive and are usually in the form of a plastic cup that holds the medication and allows the air to pass through the tube.

As jet nebulizers may require electricity very frequently to function, these are not advised to carry during travel. Due to the compressor, these may sometimes make a lot of noise.

3- Mesh Nebulizers

Mesh Nebulizer generates the mono-disperse aerosol mist/particles of medicine by utilizing a vibrating membrane.

Considered the fastest working device, these are more expensive than other nebulizer types.

Available in a compact and portable body (operated on a battery power supply), it is perfect for carrying while traveling.

Mesh nebulizer requires proper care, careful handling, and intense cleaning as the membrane is more prone to get blocked.

Based on the usage, replacement of the membrane may be required a few times a year for proper functioning.

Different Types of Nebulizer Medications

A patient suffering from respiratory problems like asthma, COPD, cystic fibrosis, or other chronic bronchial lung conditions is often prescribed to get nebulizer therapy or medication by their doctor.

Based on the condition of the patient, the following are the few common types of nebulizer medications that can be prescribed:

  • Albuterol
  • Acetylcysteine
  • Ipratropium
  • Budesonide

Every patient has different needs, and they must be cautious enough to not use their medicines on their kids.

Dosage and the type of medicine may also differ according to the patient’s age.

So it is best to consult a pediatrician or a doctor before administering a nebulizer medication of any type.

Choosing The Best Nebulizer for Asthma

Now that we know what the basic types of nebulizers are – we can now understand better which one to use at home for kids and adults.

Nebulizers are generally recommended for use where the patient is either a child, infant, or elderly person who has less mobility.

Top ultrasonic nebulizers or jet nebulizers for these types of patients table are best recommended for home use.

However, if the patient is constantly on the go, they must buy a mobile nebulizer or a hand-held nebulizer.

They would also need to carry the necessary accessories like power supplies with them.

If you are very much concerned about the hygienic conditions, then you can even have some disposable nebulizer kits with a portable compressor available to use.

These disposable nebulizer sets come with disposable cups and masks, which are meant for single usage.

While traveling, you can use and throw them right away to avoid any risk and to ensure maximum safety.

Overall, it is required to know the patient’s need, occupation, age as well as level of mobility – other than just their requirement – so that they can opt for a suitable nebulizer machine.